are also based on agriculture because it supplies with raw materials. Some of the educated people are employed in other sectors such as teaching, office work, business etc.
Livestock or Animal husbandry: It is a part of agriculture as this activity is closely connected with crop farming. It has become a sort of side job for the rural population in
Agriculture in the Terai
In the plains the land is very fertile. The rainfall and other climatic condition are also suitable to grow crops. So, the main occupation of the people in the Terai is agriculture. The main crops grown in the Terai are rice, wheat, sugar cane, maize, jowar, bajra and pulses. Rice needs hot and wet climate. There must be plenty of water during the period of its growth. The rice-growing season lasts about five months. It is sown in July-August and the harvesting is done in November-October. In some suitable areas, people grow rice twice a year.
Wheat is a winter crop. It is sown sometime in October or November, after the rains have stopped. The crop becomes ready in five months. The harvesting of wheat is generally completed by the middle of April. In the terai, the farmers also grow sugar cane. Sugar cane grows and ripens in about ten months. The juice is in the stem of the plant. When the plants are ripe, they are cut and sent to the sugar factory for crushing. The juice of the sugar cane is obtained by crushing. Then the juice is refined, and it is used to make molasses (gur), chaku and sugar.
Jute is another important crop in the Terai. It is mostly grown in Morang and Jhapa districts. From the stem of the jute plant a kind of strong fibre is obtained. This is used to make gunny bags, ropes and a number of other things. Beside these crops, the farmers also grow barley, gram, oilseeds and many kinds of pulses. They also grow many seasonal fruits and vegetables.
Agriculture in the Hills
Tea gardens are generally very large. In these gardens many women workers carrying big baskets on their backs. These women pluck the tealeaves and put them into the basket. When the basket is full, they carry it to the factory. In the factory, the tealeaves are sorted out and dried in a special way. Then, they are packed in boxes and sent out to distant places all over
Agriculture in the Mountains