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Saturday, April 10, 2010

NATIONAL DAYS OF NEPAL

Saturday, April 10, 2010
The special days that people of Nepal celebrate national wide from government level to local level to relate various events such as great revolution, celebration of achievements, days dedicated to some special persons, etc are called National Days. Nepal has gone through several important changes in history. Accordingly, the government of Nepal has decided to observe several days as important landmarks in the history.

1. Children’s Day
29th Bhadra is as Children’s Day. Children’s Day is the day when Nepal has signed and approved the protocol passed by UN Convention on Child Rights. On 1990 September 14th or 29th of Bhadra, Nepal has signed this protocol. So, to commemorate that day, Nepal started to observe 29th Bhadra as the Children’s Day from 2063 BS. Earlier, this day on 4th of Bhadra. Various programmes regarding children are conducted on Children’s Day. Nepal Children’s Organization and Bal Mandir organize various programmes throughout the country on that day.

2. Constitution Day
Constitution Day is observing when the existing constitution is promulgated. The present Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 was promulgated and implemented on 1st Magh 2063. So Constitution Day is observed as the Constitution Day.

3. Martyrs’ Day
Every year on 16th of Magh Nepalese people observe Martyrs’ Day. They observe Martyrs’ Day in the memory of four martyrs named Shukra Raj Shastri, Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Ganga Lal Shrestha and Dashrath Chand and others who sacrified their life to end the autocratic Rana regime and established democracy in Nepal. Kathmandu Metropolitan City celebrates Martyrs’ Day for seven days. To commemorate the contribution of those martyrs, Sahid Gate was made with the statues of four martyrs near Tundikhel, Kathmandu. Political leaders, ministres, government officers and common people go to Shaid Gate and offer garland and flower to the statue of the martyrs to pay respect to them on Martyrs’ Day. People also go to Sahid Smarak at Lainchaur to pay homage to the martyrs.
Similarly, people go to the Pachali Teku where Shukra Raj Shastri was hanged, to Shiphal where Dharma Bhakta was executed and to shobha Bhagvati where Dashrath Chand and Ganga Lal were shot dead, to pay homage. People also remember and pay tribute to those who sacrificed their life during the people’s Movement of 2046 and 2062/63 BS.

4. Democracy Day
The Rana rule was ended and democracy was introduced on 7th Falgun 2007 BS. To remember that day, every year on 7th of Falgun, Nepalese people observe Democracy Day.

5. Loktantra Day
After the success of people’s Movement II, king has returned all the state power and sovereignty to the people on 11th Baisakh 2063 BS. So to remember Loktantra Day every year they observe Loktantra Day on 11th Baisakh.

6. Education Day
Every year on World Literacy Day Nepalese People observe Education Day in Nepal. Education Day falls on 8th September. Those who have given great contribution in the field of education are awarded by various prizes on this day. Similarly, who has done Ph.D., topped in Masters, Bachelor and other levels are given medals by the head of the state.

7. International Women’s Day
Every year on 8th March International Women’s Day is celebrated. The women civil servants are given holiday in government offices on International Women’s Day. Various programmes are organized to aware the people about the woman’s education, their rights and equal opportunity to them.

8. International Labour Day
Every year, May 1st is celebrated as International Labour Day. International Labour Day is also called Mai Diwas. Nepal has started International Labour Day after the establishment of Loktantra in 2063BS.



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